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auto resume xspf Get via App Store Read this post in about research, our app! Online Video - Ads While Browsing (Yahoo!) - Patent Application - PRIOR ART REQUEST. This Patent Application has received a non-final rejection by the US Patent Office! An initial rejection is case, part of the typical course of a patent application. AN OVERBROAD PATENT ON online video advertisements - This application from essays, Yahoo! seeks to or in quotations, patent the essays idea of. stopping a video advertisement on one browser tab and resuming the video advertisement within another browser tab! 10 minutes of should be italicized or in, your time can help narrow US patent applications before they become patents. Essays! Follow @askpatents on twitter to help. QUESTION - Have you seen anything that was published before 11/20/2011 that discusses: starting and resuming a video advertisements across tabs during browsing. Essays! If so, please submit evidence of prior art as an answer to this question. Essays! We welcome multiple answers from the same individual.

EXTRA CREDIT - A reference to on religion post-traditional, anything that meets all of the criteria to the question above AND ALSO records the current time of essays about research, play so as to studies on adhd, resume at exactly the same place in the video advertisement. TITLE: Seemless online video advertisement during browsing. Summary : [Translated from Legalese into English] Online video advertisement during browsing - ad unit on research, first web page is paused when user sends request for second web page. Disorders Essay! On loading second web page the video advertisement resumes in the same time time during video. Claim 1 requires each and every step below: A computer-implemented method of providing seamless online video advertisements, the computer-implemented method comprising: rendering a video advertisement on a first web page in a first tab; recording current time of play constantly during the about rendering of the video advertisement; receiving a request for a second web page in the first tab from a user; unloading the first web page; loading the second web page in paper about teacher career, the first tab; retrieving the current time of play stored corresponding to the unloading; and. resume the rendering of the video advertisement on the second web page based on the current time of play retrieved. Essays! In English this means: A method for providing seamless online video ads, comprising: Playing video ad in first web page; Recording current time of video while playing the video; Receiving request for second web page and loading second web page; and. Resume playing video ad in second web page at same time video was stopped in first web page. Good prior art would be evidence of a system that did each and every one of research about teacher, these steps prior to 11/20/2011.

You're probably aware of about research, ten pieces of art that meet this criteria already. separately, the applicant is claiming recording the stop time of the video so as to resume in the same place during browsing. providing seemless online video advertisements from the Applicant What is a thesis, good prior art? Please see our FAQ. Want to help? Please vote or comment on submissions below. About! We welcome you to post your own request for prior art on other questionable US Patent Applications.

This is somewhat similar to another prior art request on Ask Patents: URL pointing to time of video. The answers there may be applicable for some of the claims here. Thinking on this some more, a video ad is just streaming video media. With that in essays be italicized or in, mind, netflix has had a resume play feature since at least January 2011 (second google search result was people talking about it it on a forum in January 2011). So in netflix's case, while not automatic, you can watch a video on one device, pause/exit, come back in on a different device, and resume where you left off at. There is of course no reason why a user could not load netflix up in essays about, one tab, start watching, pause, load up netflix in a second tab, resume watching. The open-source embeddable Enhanced XSPF Player With Autoresume Support has offered this exact functionality for music only for any webpage since at least Nov 2006. Earliest copy (Nov 2006): The implementation of the auto-resume feature in XSPF is disorders essay, described as follows: This player stores the player's current track and playback position in a Flash cookie. When the about research user moves between pages, the should or in quotations player goes away, of research, course.

But the player on the new page will see the essays be italicized quotations cookie and pick up where the first player left off. This appears to exactly match the technique described in about research, claim 1 of the patent. However, the player is for audio not video. The technique of auto-resuming video playback across page loads was invented, publicly described, and successfully implemented by users of the embeddable JWPlayer in 2009 , well before the filing date. See. player to resume play position on refresh? The original poster Sophie asks about applying the technique to audio playback: I am interested in creating an mp3 player which does something similar to the one mentioned in this topic.

I need the player to remember the playing state, playing position, track number playing and volume by paper about career using a cookie, and then to reload those from the cookie whenever the person moves from page to essays about, page or refreshes the page on state, the website so the music playing would be almost seamless. However user Lost chooses to use a video to demonstrate the research technique: OK, somebody test it and tell me what's broken. . Just copy the page source from Simple_ChocolateChipCookies.html and outline, adjust to your player version, video file , image, etc. User Seynna confirmed that user Lost had sucessfully implemented the technique: hey lost, that seems to work really well. how do you set it up? The sample code (Simple_ChocolateChipCookies.html) is not in But a later thread on the same forums reproduces the code: see posting by user noone on Tue, 2010-12-14 13:23 (still well before the essays about research patent date): Therefore, the technique of auto-resume for videos described in claim 1 is not patentable.

The specific application of it to advertisements is obvious to any reasonably skilled person working in this area.

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Networks of Abstraction: Postwar Printmaking and Women Artists of essays research Atelier 17. By Christina Weyl, PhD candidate in art history, Rutgers University. Alice Trumbull Mason at work, 1954 / John D. Schiff, photographer. Alice Trumbull Mason papers, Archives of research about teacher American Art, Between the about research fall of research paper about teacher career 1951 and spring of 1952, Alice Trumbull Mason (19041971) independently coordinated a traveling show of research abstract etchings she produced in the mid-1940s at Atelier 17, the avant-garde printmaking workshop located in New York City between 1940 and 1955 (fig. 1). Mason sent unsolicited letters to university galleries and regional art centers describing her show, comprised of nineteen etchings featuring biomorphic shapes, soft-ground textures, and embossed surfaces, such as Interference of Closed Forms (fig. 2).

1 To justify her credentials to these unknown correspondents, Mason cited awards from annuals at the Philadelphia Print Club (1946) and the Society of defending oral American Graphic Artists (1948) and listed major institutions which owned her prints like the essays about Brooklyn Museum of Art (BKM), Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), Library of Congress (LOC), and New York Public Library (NYPL). Ultimately, Mason's plan worked. After confirming the paper teacher career first venue at the University of Wyoming, then a major hub for essays about research, modernist art education, she booked five other locations for should essays be italicized quotations, the show (fig. 3). Alice Trumbull Mason, Interference of Closed Forms (1945) Engraving and etching (soft ground) with gouging. Philadelphia Museum of Art: Print Club of essays about research Philadelphia. Permanent Collection, 1946-38-1. Image courtesy. Philadelphia Museum of Art Art Estate of Alice Trumbull. Mason/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY.

Although Mason painted throughout her career and was an early member of the American Abstract Artists, founded in 1936, she never achieved the same level of critical praise or commercial success for her non-objective paintings as she did for her prints. 2 By the middle of the research paper career century, Mason's form of research geometric abstraction had fallen out of favor, lagging behind the New York School's more dominant mode of large, expressionistic canvases. Eating Disorders Outline! 3 Mason, in essays, fact, consciously positioned herself outside of essays in a world Abstract Expressionism, a view enunciated most clearly in a 1952 artist's statement where she discussed her preference for essays about research, “Architectural” versus “Expressionist” abstraction. 4 Mason's achievements as a printmaker, however, transcended these stylistic concerns and eating disorders essay introduce the career-changing importance of prints for mid-century women artists. About! Mason's efforts and eating disorders essay outline accomplishments provide a glimpse into the robust network that supported the postwar flowering of about research abstract printmaking and essays on religion enabled the approximately sixty women printmakers who worked in Atelier 17's New York studio to circulate their graphic work across the globe. 5.

Engaging with recent interest in essays research, how American art traveled internationally, this essay will consider the movement of studies women's Atelier 17 prints and essays research the positive impact of these exhibitions on quotations, women's career success. Research! 6 Drawing on essays be italicized or in quotations, analysis of primary material visualized in charts and on interactive maps produced with Viewshare, an online platform developed by the Library of Congress, this article establishes who and essays about where the major hubs of activity were within this network and should essays or in quotations what facilitated connections among these nodes. 7 Following the travels of essays six artistsMinna Citron (18961991), Worden Day (19121986), Sue Fuller (19142006), Jan Gelb (19061978), Alice Trumbull Mason, and Anne Ryan (18891954)the discussion will center on several aspects of prints' circulation: peer-to-peer relationships, printmaking annuals, traveling exhibitions, museum collecting, and artists' groups that supported avant-garde printmaking. Viewshare map showing six locations of Alice Trumbull Mason's traveling. etching show (1951-2). The number in research, the location bubble represents the. number of essays prints shown at each venue. A seventh point in paper about teacher career, New York City.

represents a solo show of Mason's woodcuts at essays about Wittenborn Gallery in essays be italicized quotations, 1952. This analysis will suggest that two factors primarily contribute to why making prints at Atelier 17 served as a breakthrough for women artists' careers. First, prints are highly mobilenothing more than lightweight, thin sheets of essays about research paper. Studies! Multiple impressions of the same edition could be sent to venues across America and the world, allowing women's prints to be shown in several places simultaneously. Second, women were highly motivated to essays about research develop a dynamic artistic network through their activities as printmakers. Mason's experiences as a painter were not isolated; there was little market or critical support for eating essay, women artists' paintings and sculptures. Yet, women artists contended with a bias against printmaking in the hierarchy of artistic media. Citron encapsulated challenges posed by being an artist who enjoyed printmaking: “Crossing the line back and forth between printmaking and painting is research, hard. Beyond Belief On Religion! You are so easily labeled a printmaker.” 8. In spite of essays about these challenges, women artists boldly pursued connections within the postwar printmaking network, fighting for chances to secure public exposure for their prints and to build relationships with key professional contacts. This article ultimately constructs a powerful narrative about this active but peripheral subgroup of the defending a thesis oral New York School.

9 In doing so, it demonstrates the intrepidness and bravery of these women printmakers to essays share their graphic art with a global audience. It also reveals the significance of on adhd their prints in shaping postwar abstraction. These understudied women artists, whose prints traversed the globe evangelizing for unfettered modernist expression and American democracy, were at the vanguard of about feminist activity within the art world that exploded two decades later. The Explosion of Postwar Printmaking: Network chart mapping the relationships between artists (black), galleries. (blue), curators (red), print annuals (orange), and Atelier 17 groups shows (green).

Although printmaking had a strong history in America coming into the twentieth century, several events combined around the mid-1940s to initiate a groundswell of support for modern printmaking. 194748 mark watershed years, after which avant-garde printmakers found widespread acceptance for their graphic work in essay outline, America and internationally. About Research! The decision of essays or in Stanley William Hayter (19011988), Atelier 17's founder, to relocate the studio to New York City in 1940 from its first home in Paris certainly paved the way for modern printmaking's growth in America. More importantly, MoMA's 1944 exhibition New Directions in Gravure: Hayter and Studio 17 confirmed the workshop's status as a central hub of abstract printmaking. Atelier 17 became known as the foremostplace worldwide to learn experimental printmaking, and the number of artists training there increased substantially. Anne Ryan, ca. 1949 / William Pippin, photographer. Anne Ryan papers, Archives of American Art, Una Johnson (19051997), curator of prints at the BKM from 1940 to 1969 and a key figure within the essays network of female printmakers (fig.

4), recognized that this large influx of artists producing modern prints had scarce options to paper teacher career exhibit their work. So in 1947, she launched the BKM's National Print Annual Exhibition, which ran continuously for ten years. 10 Johnson said that starting the print annuals, “was in about, response to a need for the showing of contemporary and defending experimental prints within the essays greater New York area, where much of the experimental printmaking was then being pursued.” 11 Johnson knew that modern prints were anomalies within the era's well-established print exhibitions, which primarily showed small, realistic, black-and-white etchings popular in America since the late-nineteenth century. 12 Under mounting pressure, some of these forums warmed to modern printmaking. For example, the Society of American Etchers conceded in 1947 to open membership to artists of all aesthetic persuasions who practiced printmaking techniques besides etching.

Dorothy Noyes Arms, wife of John Taylor Arms who served as the organization's longtime president, noted poetically that the renamed Society of American Etchers, Gravers, Lithographers and Woodcutters, “rose phoenixlike from the ashes of the old.” 13 The group changed its name again in 1952 to disorders outline the Society of American Graphic Artists (SAGA), the about acronym which this article will use to refer to the group. By the late 1940s and early 1950s, modern printmaking had gained greater exposure and critical traction. Major arts publications covered printmaking with dedicated columns in each issue. Teacher! Art News featured Irvin Haas's “The Print Collector” from roughly 1946 to 1957, and Art Digest had many columns appearing intermittently from the essays about research late-1940s into the 1950s. Should Essays Or In Quotations! 14 These various special sections covered trends and exhibitions in the printmaking world and reviewed new print publications. Even though these magazines sometimes covered print news within the 57th Street gallery reviews, the print sections effectively segregated avant-garde graphic arts from essays mainstream modernism.

Anne Ryan, Fantasia (1947) Color woodcut. Sheet: 42.8 x 61 cm (16 7/8 x 24 in.) Yale University Art Gallery, Anonymous Purchase Fund, 1977.10.7 Image courtesy Yale University Art Gallery. Art courtesy of the outline Estate of the Artist and The Susan Teller Gallery, NY, NY. Seizing on the opportunities that this explosion of postwar printmaking offered, women artists capitalized on prints' portability by sending their graphic work throughout the United States. Although the scale of essays about research prints definitely increased from standard sizes seen in should be italicized or in, the early-twentieth century, artists realized that prints were still far more transportable compared to the large paintings and sculptures of the essays about New York School.

15 Gelb's husband Boris Margo (19021995) confirmed the belief that printmaking was a better instrument for spreading postwar abstraction, writing, “costing less, framed less formidably, more easily transported by should be italicized or in, rootless moderns, the about print can serve as a most persuasive introduction to modern art.” 16 In a 1945 journal recording her initial lessons with Hayter at Atelier 17, Ryan noted how prints' mobility would afford her greater professional success than if she exclusively painted. She wrote, “it is easier to succeed in prints than painting for the simple reason that prints can be mailed .” 17 Further in her notes, Ryan wrote down Hayter's strategies for ensuring success as a printmaker. A Thesis Exam! He prioritized publicizing instead of production, suggesting “about one third of essays research time is given to making of the prints and two thirds to should be italicized quotations marketing and mailing, seeing dealers, etc.” Ryan noted a final suggestion about the essays importance of making a substantial body of prints in defending oral, order to solidify a foundation for essays about research, commercial success: “Reach the belief in a goal of 50 good prints then you will begin to sell.” Clearly, printmaking served as a way for essays about research, Ryan, formerly a housewife, mother and poet, to research paper teacher gain a toehold in the art world, earn a livelihood, and build a critical reputation that eventually led to about her success as a collagist (fig. 5). Research Paper About Career! 18. Chart showing number of Brooklyn Museum print annuals featuring women. artists from Atelier 17. There was precedent in American history for using printmaking as a vehicle for disseminating art to the general public. In the period immediately before Atelier 17's establishment in New York, two mail-order companies sold Regionalist-style prints directly to middle-class American consumers. Reeves Lewenthal started Associated American Artists in essays about, 1934, which marketed signed and studies on adhd numbered prints for essays about, $5 each.

After Lewenthal's successful example, Samuel Golden began a similar mail-order company called American Artists Group, which undercut Lewenthal's business with unsigned and unlimited prints available for $2.50. These two companies' example showed Atelier 17 artists that prints, with directed marketing efforts, had the capacity to reach large swaths of the American public. 19. The Collegiality and Reciprocity of submission penn state Peer-to-Peer Networking: Worden Day in her studio, ca. About Research! 1959 / unidentified photographer. Worden Day papers, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Women artists actively facilitated geographical exchange of their prints in their effort to self-promote and form relationships with others. Several productive connections between women printmakers can be seen in a network chart (fig. 4).

Radiating out from beyond belief on religion post-traditional world Atelier 17, artists connect with one another either directly through peer-to-peer exchange or indirectly via important nodes. Artists like Ryan, Day, Fuller, Mason, Citron, and essays research Gelb are clearly hubs and disorders essay outline facilitated the flow of creativity within this system. Hayter served as a chief exemplar for women artists of how to enlarge their sphere of influence. According to Helen Phillips (19131995), Hayter's second wife and essays an active printmaker at Atelier 17, Hayter made himself available for lectures and submission penn demonstrationswhich often had accompanying exhibitions of his printsand these activities, “spread his reputation throughout the U.S. as a teacher.” 20. Day took Hayter's model to heart and became a marketing force for her own prints and those of essays research fellow women artists from Atelier 17 (fig. 8). In 1947, Day and research paper about teacher Ryan shared an informal business relationship whereby Ryan sent her prints to the peripatetic Day. Without taking a sales commission for essays about, herself, Day entered Ryan's prints into regional exhibitions and about teacher career showed them to interested curators and collectors. In an undated postcard to Ryan from an exhibition at Stephens College in essays about research, Columbia, MO that Day coordinated, Day wrote of her persistent efforts: “I'm really propagandizing people to purchase prints.” 21 Day described her magnanimous marketing philosophy in a letter to Ryan from July 1947: “I'm glad to have been able to sell some of your prints and don't expect anything in return. Case On Adhd! I believe artists should freely help one another, for it helps us all in the long run. I heartily disapprove of the highly cut-throat, competitive attitudes that most of essays about research our American artists regard one another.” 22 In the same letter, Day evaluated the importance of her efforts establishing regional connections across the United States: “Funny how showing around these places seems more glamorous to the artists in New York, than those already in the region.

The artists in defending a thesis oral, the region regard getting on 57th more important, though of course it all helps.” 23 Through Day's marketing, the essays Art Center Association in Louisville, KY bought Ryan's woodcut Tenements and the Memphis Academy of Arts purchased Jugglers and Fantasia (fig. 6), the latter one of Ryan's first experiments in abstraction. 24 Ryan also independently marketed her prints at several venues in the United States, Mexico, and submission penn France. Ryan's and Day's collective teamwork and research independent efforts were paramount to state getting their names known regionally. “Table” view from Viewshare showing Brooklyn Museum of Art accessions. made through purchase prizes at its National Print Annual Exhibitions. Beyond these two women, several artists developed intimate relationships at research Atelier 17 with other female printmakers that led to important professional achievements. Louise Nevelson (18991988) and Dorothy Dehner (19011994) began a lifelong friendship after Dehner admired proofs of Nevelson's large and expressively inked etchings hanging on the walls of Atelier 17. 25 Though Nevelson became progressively busier with her successful sculpture career, she and Dehner never lost touch.

While working as a fellow at beyond belief essays on religion world the Los Angeles-based Tamarind Lithography Workshop in essays research, 1963, Nevelson wrote Dehner a postcard suggesting she also make prints there and likely suggested her name to should essays Tamarind's founder, June Wayne. 26 Dehner also maintained a strong friendship with Doris Seidler (19122010), a British expatriate who worked at about research Atelier 17 after the conclusion of World War II. Many years after their time at Atelier 17, Seidler suggested that she and Dehner share a two-person exhibition at the Print Centre in London and belief essays post-traditional world said she would sponsor Dehner's membership to about SAGA. Research Paper About Career! 27. Chart showing number of print annuals featuring women artists from essays Atelier 17. Through Berea College in Kentucky, Day and Ryan both connect with Margaret Balzer Cantieni (19142002), who taught art at should essays or in quotations the school from 193745.

28 At some point during her travels, Day met Balzer Cantieni at Berea and likely influenced her to study at Atelier 17, which she did in research, 1946. 29 Ryan showed woodcuts at Berea in OctoberNovember 1947 because Balzer Cantieni brought Dorothy Tredennick, member of the school's Art Department, to see Ryan's work at her apartment on Greenwich Street. Defending A Thesis Oral Exam! 30 Balzer Cantieni also links to the all-male Graphic Circle, a group discussed additionally later. In March 1949, Jacques Seligmann gallery lent an exhibition of the essays about research Graphic Circle to the art gallery of Lehigh University library; as a local artistshe and her husband had moved by this point to the Lehigh Valley to teach art at various institutionsBalzer Cantieni showed one of her abstract prints alongside members of this esteemed vanguard group. 31 As these examples make clear, female artists relied on peer-to-peer connections to should essays be italicized advance their individual printmaking endeavors. The Transformative Effect and Geographic Circulation of research Print Annuals and Museum Shows: Photograph of Sue Fuller, Sue Fuller letters to Florence Forst, Archives of submission penn American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Print annuals are one of the clearest examples of how women artists energetically networked and harnessed prints' transportable properties.

Showing at these venuesand many others when the annuals traveledenabled them to gain exposure and essays about research a base of critical support at a time when women did not have equal access to exhibition opportunities for their painting or sculpture. Louise Bourgeois (19112010), who began working at Atelier 17 in 1946, underscored the catalyzing importance of participating in these annual print shows: “I was able to a thesis oral exam enter the art field through the prints, because the Brooklyn Museum organized this show of prints every year. So it was an easy beginning, to research have your name printed. I did it for exposure.” 32 The selection process could be quite competitive, and women had every reason to be quite proud of gaining entry. 33 Through participation in the print annuals, women not only had their names printed in the exhibition catalogues, as Bourgeois noted, but also their names and illustrations of submission their artwork often appeared in essays, the art press, especially as winners of awards and purchase prizes. The BKM's annual was by far the most important annual exhibition opportunity for essays quotations, women printmakers from Atelier 17. Essays! Women artists from Hayter's workshop were accepted into the BKM annuals at a much higher rate than the beyond belief post-traditional average participation across all exhibiting women, which hovered around twenty-five percent. Thirty-one women artists showed in essays about, Brooklyn's first ten annuals, a number that represents more than half of the roster of women working at Atelier 17 in New York (fig. 7).

Women printmakers who are central to submission state this article exhibited with great frequency. Day, for instance, showed in about, eight of ten BKM annuals; Mason in seven; Ryan in six, and Citron in five. Paper About Career! In total, Atelier 17 women artists showed eighty-four prints, of which thirteen were added to the BKM's permanent collection through purchase awards (fig. 9). 34 Ryan won recognition in about, the inaugural BKM annual for one of her first semi-abstract woodcuts, Fantasia (fig. 6). This print, in which three biomorphic figures stand on a curved green ground line, marked a significant change from Ryan's initial efforts in woodcut, which had encompassed mostly realistic religious and oral exam circus imagery. The purchase award must have encouraged her to produce fully abstract woodcuts in about, the next few years. 35.

Sue Fuller, Cock (1944) Color engraving, soft-ground etching, and submission aquatint. Plate: 20 x 14.9 cm (7 7/8 x 5 7/8 in.) Sheet: 35.6 x 29.2 cm (14 x 11 1/2 in.) Yale University Art Gallery Gift of James N. About! Heald II, B.S., 1949, 2006.17.4 Image courtesy Yale University Art Gallery Art courtesy. of the Estate of the Artist and case on adhd the Susan Teller Gallery, As the artist-run SAGA developed a more modern identity in the 1940s, women artists from Atelier 17 increasingly showed in its annual exhibitions.

Few women exhibited in the early 1940s, since “modern” printmaking did not make inroads into essays about this “academic” institution until about mid-decade. Defending Exam! 36 Hayter first showed with SAGA in 1942“[overtipping] the aesthetic apple cart,” as Fuller recalledwhich opened the about research door for modern printmakers. Essay! 37 Shortly thereafter, women artists from Atelier 17 began submitting their abstract and stylistically progressive prints to SAGA's annual shows in greater numbers, with participation peaking in the years 1946, 1947, and 1948 (fig. 10). In Fuller's first years showing in SAGA annuals, she entered more conservative, semi-representational prints of animals and human figures such as Cock (fig. 11).

In this profile view of a rooster in motion, Fuller contrasts pieces of lace, inherited from her mother and impressed onto about, an etching plate prepared with soft ground, with bold calligraphic lines that emphasize the head, neck, beak, legs, and tail of the bird (fig 12). By 1948, Fuller showed The Sorceress (fig. 13), one of her fully abstract “string compositions.” Frustrated by the limitations of stretching prefabricated lace and eating disorders materials to her desired specifications, Fuller cut up lace and stripped fabric to its lowest componentthreadto make abstract compositions like The Sorceress . Even though SAGA had a more traditional reputation, Atelier 17 artists recognized the annual's importance for increasing their professional visibility. Fuller urged Hayter to join SAGA because of the networking potential: “I felt that if he would establish a rapport with the essays about opposition that he would enlarge his field of circulation.” 38 Like the BKM annuals, exhibiting with SAGA came with the possibility of recognition in the art press and interaction with curators and case studies on adhd gallerists. Essays Research! SAGA also offered artists the opportunity for leadership positions as officers of the organization or jury members for beyond world, annuals. About Research! The latter proved quite influential, as Hayter, Fuller, and essays on religion in a world Citron sat on the 1946 jury that initiated several years of strong showings by Atelier 17 members. Essays About! 39 Karl Kup, curator of prints at the NYPL, recalled that at the 1946 SAGA annual, “an astonishing array of studies contemporary work adorned the about wall, with almost every ‘school of thought' represented. Essay Outline! [Citron, Fuller and Hayter] had been on the jury of essays about research admission, with results that may have shocked some of the eating essay more academic members.” 40.

Sue Fuller, Sorceress (1948) Soft ground etching. Image and art courtesy of the Estate of the Artist and the. Susan Teller Gallery, New York, NY. The Philadelphia Print Club (PPC) was also a significant venue for women artists from Atelier 17. Founded in 1914, the PPC's Board had conservative tastes in its early years but opened to modern printmaking when Berthe Von Moschzisker (19152002) became the Director in 1944 and decided “to show contemporary things.” 41 After Hayter won the club's prestigious Charles M. Lea prize in 1944, Von Moschzisker invited him to have a solo show at essays research the PPC and teach a once-a-month class for local artists nicknamed the “Hayter Workshop.” 42 The PPC hosted annual exhibitionsrelief and intaglio techniques had separate annualswhere women printmakers from Atelier 17 showed quite frequently (fig. On Adhd! 10). Research! 43 The etching annual's highest honor, the Charles M. Lea prize, was a particularly valuable award not only because the art press featured the winners but also because the PPC donated the award prints to the Philadelphia Museum of Art (PMA). 44 In addition to annual prizes, the PPC began a member-supported fund in 1942 to purchase prints from disorders essay outline PPC annuals for the PMA's permanent collection.

45 When Mason's Interference of Closed Forms (fig. Essays About Research! 2) won the Charles M. Lea prize in 1946, the PMA's curator Carl Zigrosser wanted to accession the other two prints in Mason's series. Lacking museum acquisition funds, Zigrosser asked the PPC to sponsor the submission state purchase of Labyrinth of Closed Forms and essays about research Orientation of thesis penn Closed Forms (both 1945). Essays About! 46 Mason greatly valued this award and the museum acquisitions, citing them as professional credentials in her effort to organize the traveling exhibition mentioned at the beginning of this article. Photograph of Minna Citron, 1930-1980 / unidentified. photographer. Eating Disorders! Minna Wright Citron papers,

Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Women artists from Atelier 17 participated to a lesser extent in several other annual exhibitions. They were well represented throughout the 1940s and 1950s at the LOC's National Exhibition of about research Prints, which began in 1943 (fig. 10). Defending A Thesis! This annual, however, had a reputation for being more conservative, and women printmakers from Atelier 17 did not win purchase prizes, save one awarded in 1946 to essays Ruth Leaf (b. 1923) for her representational etching and aquatint, Tears (1945). Submission! Women also showed modestly with the Northwest Printmakers annuals, and only Fuller won a purchase prize for Hen in 1946, which is now part of the Seattle Art Museum's collection. The Printmakers of Southern California began a short-lived annual in 1952 where a handful of women exhibited but never won prizes. No matter how small, these annuals were individually quite significant to building women printmakers' portfolio of professional achievements. Citron actively participated in essays research, annuals with the Boston Printmakers (BP), winning honorable mention for Whatever (1945), her first, very small foray into abstraction (fig.

14 and 15). Working at Atelier 17's avant-garde studio was a major inspiration for Citron, encouraging her to switch from her witty social realist style to abstraction. The BP award had immediate ramifications for Citron's career and style, in that it gave her the eating confidence to move beyond the cautious, black-and-white miniature of Whatever toward larger toward full-color abstractions. 47 Citron's Flight to Tomorrow (fig. 16), which became the BP's Presentation Print for 1950, showcases an inventive abstract composition and essays research her technical masterwork. Her superb handling of the engraver's burin, shown in the composition's curved and straight lines, is complemented by her printing virtuosity, seen in beyond in a post-traditional, the three colorspurple, light and dark blueshe stenciled on the plate's planar surface. Minna Wright Citron, Whatever (1946) Etching and engraving on wove paper.

Plate: 6.35 x 3.81 cm (2 1/2 x 1 1/2 in.) Sheet: 15.56 x 13.34 cm (6 1/8 x 5 1/4 in.) National Gallery of about Art, Rosenwald Collection, 1951.16.18. Image courtesy National Gallery of research about Art, Washington. Art courtesy Christiane H. About! Citron,

Art Executor for the Estate of Minna Citron. While these annuals displayed women's prints in major cities across the United States, traveling exhibitionsoften of these annualsprovided even greater geographical circulation. Submission Penn! From the essays beginning, the BKM partnered with the American Federation of defending Arts (AFA) to distribute its print annuals to many locations across the essays about research United States. The first annual, for example, traveled to several venues between 1947 and 1948. 48 The relationship between the essays be italicized or in BKM and AFA was so productive that when Annemarie Pope, Assistant Director of the AFA, happily informed Una Johnson that all slots for the third annual's traveling show were completely booked, she inquired about the essays about research possibility of doubling the thesis submission annual's exposure by about, gathering duplicate impressions from exhibiting artists. 49 For further visualization of the should essays or in AFA's circulation of BKM print annuals, see fig. 17.

Several museums coordinated special exhibitions that traveled quite widely, allowing women to promote their reputations nationally and essays research internationally as modern printmakers. After its run at MoMA, Hayter and Studio 17 which included prints by case on adhd, Fuller, Ryan, Perle Fine (19081988), Helen Phillips, and Catherine Yarrow (19041990)traveled for two years to venues throughout the United States. 50 Concurrently, MoMA shipped a version of the show to essays the Inter-American Office of the National Gallery of Art, which circulated to cities in Latin America between 1944 and 1946. Defending Exam! 51 In 195354, Day, Fuller, and Ryan had prints sent to the Municipal Museum of the essays about Hague (Gemeentemuseum Den Haag) and the Kunsthaus in Zurich as part of the essays on religion BKM's exhibition, New Expressions in Printmaking (1952), a state of the field for midcentury American printmaking. 52 Several women artists from about research Atelier 17 participated in a traveling exhibition coordinated by the Boston Public Library (BPL) that first went to the Petit Palais in Paris in 1949, then the American Embassy in studies, Paris, and essays about research many cities in France, Germany, and Italy over defending exam several years (fig. 18). 53 The artists involved in the BPL show later donated their prints to museums in Israel. 54 As a result of the BPL show, the French Ministry of Education bought an impression of Ryan's woodcut The Wine Glass (1948), a fact she was extremely proud of and cited as a major accomplishment on resumes. 55 Exhibition possibilities clearly blossomed in the wake of World War II, greatly enhancing the network for essays research, global printmaking exchange and essay outline raising women's international profiles as avant-garde printmakers. Minna Citron, Flight to Tomorrow (1948). Engraving and.

aquatint, printed in color Plate: 17.4 x 21.5 cm (6 7/8 x 8 7/16 in.) Sheet: 28 x 37.8 cm (11 x 14 7/8 in.) Museum of about research Fine Arts, Boston Gift of George Harold Edgell, 50.3098 Photograph. [2014] Museum of should essays be italicized or in Fine Arts, Boston Art courtesy Christiane H. Citron, Art Executor for the Estate of Minna Citron. While promoting these women's reputations, the circulation of prints worldwide also carried a Cold War message of spreading democratic ideals. Several governmental agencies were involved in about research, promoting networks of democratic exchange through printmaking. In addition to the Inter-American Office, the beyond essays in a post-traditional world United States Information Agency (USIA), established in 1953 with the goal of fostering dialogue between the United States and about the world, built a huge collection of more than 1,600 prints to circulate within American embassies, a precursor to the current Art in the Embassies program.

56 A message of spreading American democratic virtues was quite clear behind the USIA's intentions. In the should be italicized quotations words of the USIA's director Leonard Marks, “through this program we are attempting to make known abroad the creative vigor and originality of contemporary American graphic art. In many locations where the prints are hung there is no other way by which the essays public could learn about this aspect of our culture.” 57 Through the USIA, women printmakers of Atelier 17 had prints on almost every continent (fig. 19). 58 One of Mason's etchings, Deep Sound (fig. 20), in which sinuously arranged lace contrasts with two strongly bitten horizontal lines, was on view at submission penn state the American embassy in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 59. Viewshare map showing locations of BKM annuals circulated by essays about research, the. American Federation of paper career Arts.

When clicked, each location bubble pops up. with a list of exhibiting artists. Joining artists' groups centered on modern printmaking was another important avenue for women artists to publicize their Atelier 17 prints. First and foremost, these printmaking groups provided women with the essays research chance to exhibit their prints publicly in major galleries and museum spaces. Midcentury groups offered solidarity in defending a thesis, numbers, where several artists' combined efforts netted greater access than artists would have received as individuals. About Research! The initial entrée through printmaking groups sometimes marked the beginning of long-term relations between women and prestigious galleries. Thesis Submission State! As with print annuals and governmental organizations, exhibitions of these midcentury printmaking groups made the essays research rounds of venues in the United States and abroad. Another major benefit of these artists' groups was their networking potential, creating vibrant forums for artists to socialize and defending exam exchange ideas about printmaking. Lastly, by about research, either founding or helping with the essays management of essays about research these printmaking groups, women artists were able to be italicized or in express leadership skills outside of the domestic realm, which went against the period's conservative gender norms. Female printmakers realized that, if they did not take charge and organize their own groups, they would not have many options for exhibiting their avant-garde prints.

Atelier 17's Decisive Impact on essays about, Women's Careers: Viewshare map showing locations of American print exhibition circulated. by the Boston Public Library. The decision to work at Atelier 17 represents women artists' primary affiliation with a collegial group of printmakers. Research Career! Besides the obvious benefits of learning from Hayter and other artists in the informal workshop environment, Atelier 17 artists exhibited together annually at major galleries.

60 Forty-two women participated in these group shows to varying degrees (fig. Research! 21). While the artists at the center of this article had some of the highest participation levels, just under half exhibited only once with Atelier 17, sometimes marking one of the only remaining records of the artist's careers. The year after Atelier 17's MoMA exhibition, the workshop had its tenth group show at Willard Gallery (1945) where ten of the thirty-five exhibitors were women. Eating Disorders Outline! 61 Reviews of the Willard show in Art News and Art Digest each spotlighted Fuller, and Art Digest also mentioned Lili Garafulic and Hope Manchester, though these two women were not as active in the New York studio. 62 Several long-term, productive relationships resulted from this group show between female artists and Marion Willard, the gallery's owner. Fuller and Ryan both contracted with Willard to handle their Atelier 17 prints. Ryan, who had been working on prints since 1942, immediately leapt at the chance to show more prints at Willard's gallery. Essays Research! Atelier 17's show was in late spring 1945, and beyond essays in a world Willard requested that Ryan send additional prints by the following October. About! 63 Willard Gallery included both Fuller and Ryan in its Christmas Selections show in December 1945. Should Essays Or In! 64 Fuller, who was perpetually seeking to expand her network, remembered that Willard even employed an assistant to travel around the country selling Fuller's and essays about other artists' prints.

65. Viewshare map showing American embassies exhibiting women artists’ prints. through the research about United States Information Agency’s Graphic Arts Program. Atelier 17's twelfth group exhibition took place in London at the Leicester Galleries in March 1947. Hayter wrote an extensive intro text, in which he singled out the efforts of essays Pennerton West (19131965) and Sheri Martinelli (19181996) for their biting out technique. Disorders Outline! 66 Seventeen of the exhibiting artists were women, including a couple unique exhibitors who do not appear in other Atelier 17 group shows. In addition to expanding Atelier 17's network to London, the essays show also circulated throughout England with the Arts Council. 67. Alice Trumbull Mason, Deep Sound , (1947)

Soft ground etching and aquatint. Plate: 13 3/8 x 15 7/8 in. Collection of Emily Mason and Wolf Kahn. Art Estate of Alice Trumbull Mason/ Licensed by VAGA, Two years later in 1949, an thesis penn, exhibition at the Laurel Gallery in New York City was the most significant opportunity for women printmakers to essays about show with Atelier 17. The show was the studio's biggest, both in terms of number of belief essays in a artists exhibiting and the quality of the published material. Twenty-eight artists from the show were women, representing the largest simultaneous showing of essays about female printmakers from the studio and paper about career reflecting the crest of activity in essays about research, postwar printmaking. State! The Laurel exhibition generated buzz in the art press for these women, with Art News and essays Art Digest mentioning a more diverse group of participating Atelier 17 members.

68 Part of the increased press notice revolved around the show's major catalog published by Wittenborn Schultz. 69 The catalog was generously illustrated, with some full-color illustration, and women's prints comprised eight of the twenty-seven illustrations. 70 The publisher's involvement secured greater distribution in essays be italicized or in, the nation's art bookstores and institutional libraries and essays about research meant that, for the first time, Atelier 17's group exhibition reached a broader audience. Today, the on adhd catalogue is an important resource because it has detailed biographical information for participating artists. In short, the Laurel catalog made it a very important time for women artists to essays about be members of research about teacher career Atelier 17. Essays About! The studio had additional shows in thesis state, New York City, but none ever reached the magnitude of the about Laurel Gallery exhibition.

71. 14 Painter-Printmakers and Other Printmaking Groups. Chart showing frequency of women artists’ participation in. Atelier 17 group shows. As the postwar printmaking revival gained steam in the late 1940s, women sought group affiliations outside of their Atelier 17 membership. Groups dedicated exclusively to avant-garde printmakers existed as early as 1945, but women did not play as dominant roles in them as they would by the 1950s. Submission State! Vanguard, founded in 1945 by research, modernist architect Robert Vale Faro (19021988), counted Atelier 17 artists Hayter, Fuller, and eating essay Ryan as New York members and Francine Felsenthal (19222000) in Chicago. 72 The BKM gave Vanguard a show in about research, 1946, which subsequently toured to disorders essay outline several other institutions in essays, the United States. Research Teacher! 73 Jacques Seligmann Gallery supported several artists' groups in the late 1940s which followed the “so called ‘modern' idiom”in the words of Theresa Parker, director of the gallery's Contemporary American Departmentbut scarcely any women were members. The Graphic Circle's membership (founded 1947) was entirely male even though Hayter was a member and knew women working at Atelier 17; the Printmakers (also founded 1947) had one non-Atelier 17 female artist, Hildegard Haas; and the Painter-Printmakers (first show in 1950) included Fuller and Margaret Lowengrund, a non-Atelier 17 artist. 74.

Photograph of Jan Gelb, printing, 1922-1977 / unidentified. photographer. Jan Gelb and Boris Margo papers, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. The 14 Painter-Printmakers, formed in essays about research, 1953, remedied the gender imbalance within 1940s printmaking groups. The group was dedicated to exhibiting members' paintings and prints and elucidating the expressive potential of both media. Three womenCitron, Day and Gelbspearheaded the group's founding along with Boris Margo and John von Wicht (18881970). 75 Gelb, in particular, had a strong leadership role as secretary of 14 Painter-Printmakers, keeping a small archive about the group in her artist's papers (fig. 22).

That these three women were in leadership positions combined with their strong connections to Atelier 17 likely influenced the additional selection of Fuller, Mason, and Ryan for charter membership. 76 As the group matured in the late-1950s, additional women printmakers from Atelier 17 were asked to exhibit as guest artists, such as Dorothy Dehner, Pennerton West, and defending Sari Dienes (18981992). 77 Mason recognized the essays about research intrepidness of case on adhd 14 Painter-Printmakers compared to the era's more conservative printmaking organizations, nicknaming it the “SAGA Arch-League.” 78. The collective potential of this group for networking and essays about research circulating exhibitions became clear immediately. In the letter soliciting additional members, the initial five artists stated that, “so far, we have had a rather breathtaking response to beyond belief on religion in a post-traditional world what was originally a merely congenial idea.” 79 14 Painter-Printmakers got off to a strong start with two major gallery exhibitions in essays about, New York City, first with Stable Gallery in submission, 1953 and second with Kraushaar Galleries in 1954. Research! 80 While both generated significant interest, the Kraushaar show produced two tangible results. First, the AFA circulated an exhibition of the 14 Painter-Printmakers within the about United States (fig.

23). 81 Second, the Metropolitan Museum of about research Art (MMA) accessioned a group of prints from the essay outline Kraushaar show. 82 This purchase included Gelb's chromatic color print, Hyaline Pavane , one of about her first abstractions after spending many years working in a surrealist and social realist style (fig. 24). Here, Gelb explored relief printing, seen in five spots of bright colored ink, which she probably achieved using cellocut, a technique her husband Boris Margo pioneered in the 1930s. Viewshare map showing locations of 14 Painter-Printmakers’ exhibitions. circulated by the American Federation of belief in a Arts. About Research! Clicking on an artist’s name. in pop-up bubble brings up detailed information about the venue and eating disorders outline artwork on view.

Because of both gallery shows, members of the 14 Painter-Printmakers became friendly with several important professional contacts. In late-November 1954, the essays about research group hosted a small party at Margo's studioa photograph documents the convivial soiree (fig. 25)to socialize with this professional network: John B. Research Paper About Career! Turner, art patron who funded the MMA purchase, Hyatt Mayor (MMA), Una Johnson (BKM), Karl Kup (NYPL), Bill Lieberman (MoMA), AFA staff members Tom Kesser and Virginia Fields, and gallery directors Antoinette Kraushaar and Eleanor Ward of Stable Gallery. 83 Citron, for one, made an important connection with Mayor, who credited her with changing the course of the research MMA's collection priorities: “I would like to thesis have been able to tell you. how much the MMA is beholden to you for all that you have done for us. Your impetus made it possible to start collecting contemporary prints. Essays! You are, I think, the only outstanding print-maker who profoundly shaped museum collecting.” 84 Citron must have been delighted to beyond on religion world receive this glowing compliment from such an esteemed figure in essays, the museum community.

Jan Gelb, Hyaline Pavane (1954) Etching and aquatint. Plate: 27.3 x 35.3 cm (10 3/4 x 13 7/8 in.) Sheet: 33 x 50.5 cm (13 x 19 7/8 in.) Metropolitan Museum of Art, John B. Turner Fund, 1954, 54.591.2. Courtesy of the estate of Jan Gelb Margo. The 14 Painter-Printmakers had their widest exposure in a 1955 exhibition at the BKM. The museum's financial resources and staff support contributed to promote the show on a scale these artists could not execute on their own.

The museum provided each artist with fifty invitations to the show's opening reception for distribution as they chose, and the museum itself mailed an additional 2,500 invitations to its patrons and institutional contacts. 85 From this media blast, approximately 435 people attended the black-tie preview (fig. 26). Submission Penn State! 86 The museum also produced a substantial catalogue for essays, the exhibition, which like Atelier 17's Laurel Gallery show, had larger circulation than the small gallery brochures printed for the Stable and research about career Kruashaar shows. Installation images show that prints, such as Day's The Burning Bush , vied for importance with paintings shown nearby through their large size (figs. 2728).At nearly four and a half feet tall, The Burning Bush is about, almost as tall as one of Day's three-dimensional paintings hanging just to belief on religion post-traditional world the right of the round support beam. The print's brightly colored calligraphic lines and bold color reflect what Day and others in the 14 Painter-Printmakers believed was their ultimate goal, namely to foster connections between painting and printmaking and dislocate the former's primacy in the postwar scene. She once wrote: “It was a period of such stress on painting to the exclusion of essays research other mediums, as well as a narrow kind of state specialization. In other words, painters had to be exclusively painters, sculptors exclusively sculptors and so on. Our group [14 Painter-Printmakers] was a wedge to break such a stronghold on creativity.” 87. 14 Painter-Printmakers party, November 1954.

Identifiable figures are: Seong Moy (lower left corner), Alice Trumbull Mason (at center, standing. in front of chair), and essays about Minna Citron (at far right). 14 Painter-Printmakers. party, unidentified photographer. Minna Wright Citron papers, Archives. of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. This group continued to have great success in disseminating members' graphic work throughout the case studies on adhd late 1950s and early 1960s. The AFA sponsored another exhibition of 14 Painter-Printmakers in 1957, which began its traveling circuit at Kraushaar before making its way across the United States.

88 Gelb reached out to the American Embassy in Paris regarding having an research, exhibition of the group's work at its cultural center in case studies, 1959, which would later travel to the French provinces. 89 The group had two final exhibitions in essays research, New York City before dissolving: Unique Impressions held at Peter Deitsch Gallery in 1960 and Unique Images at research paper about Joseph Grippi Gallery in 1963. 90 Through its ten-year history, 14 Painter-Printmakers served as an important channel for essays about research, championing the cause of should quotations avant-garde printmaking and making the names of essays its members better known within the broader postwar art world. Drawing on the small sample of fifty-nine women artists from Atelier 17, this essay has only briefly touched on how and why modern prints circulated in the postwar period. Beyond Essays In A Post-traditional! The analysis of essays these individuals' connections through personal relationships, shared exhibitions, and disorders essay outline group memberships demonstrate printmaking's significance to women modernists in the immediate postwar decade. Essays! These networking opportunities shaped printmaking into essays or in quotations a focal point of female empowerment and consciousness before the feminist art movement of the 1960s.

For instance, Citron and Gelb, who met through Atelier 17 and became lifelong friends (fig. 29), worked together in the early-1950s on a proto-feminist manuscript titled Venus Through the Ages , which examines women's representation in art from essays ancient sculptures of should essays fertility goddesses to essays about research modern art. 91 Unraveling the web of postwar abstract printmaking strengthens our understanding of the instrumental role women printmakers played in forming the nascent feminist art movement. Bertha Schaefer and Will Barnet at the 14 Painter-Printmakers exhibition at. the Brooklyn Museum, 1955 / Publicity Photographers (Brooklyn, N.Y.), photographer. Bertha Schaefer papers and gallery records, Archives of. American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Figure 27.

Worden Day, The Burning Bush. (1954) Woodcut in color. 131.4 x 30.5 cm (51 3/4 x 12 in.) Brooklyn Museum, Dick S. Teacher! Ramsay. Fund, 59.16 Brooklyn Museum. photograph. Courtesy of the estate. of the artist. Figure 28. Installation view of The Burning Bush (to the left of essays about support beam) as seen in. the Brooklyn Museum of Art’s exhibition 14 Painter-Printmakers (195455)

Brooklyn Museum Archives. Records of the Department of on adhd Photography. 14 Painter-Printmakers [11/16/195501/08/1956]. Installation view. Essays About Research! Figure 29. Jan Gelb (left) and Minna Citron (right), standing outside Artist’s Studio, Old Boathouse, 636 Commercial Street, Provincetown, MA, 1954. Jan Gelb and Minna Citron, 1954 / unidentified photographer. Jan Gelb and Boris Margo papers, Archives of American Art,

1) I would like to thank the staff of the Archives of American Art for facilitating my research in both the New York and belief essays on religion post-traditional world Washington, DC offices. I am also very grateful to those who read and commented on about, drafts of this essay: Dr. Joan Marter, my dissertation advisor, and colleagues Kira Maye and Alison Leigh. The data analysis and Viewshare site would not have been possible without the assistance of my husband, Richard Lichtenstein. I presented an early synthesis of this paper at the Feminist Art History Conference at American University in November 2012 and a thesis oral exam a graduate student conference at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in February 2013.

See correspondence about the artist's traveling show on reel 629, grids 429458 and essays about reel 630, grid 517 in Alice Trumbull Mason papers, 19211977, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution [henceforth cited as ATM]. 2) See quote from Wolf Kahn, Mason's son in law, in Grace Glueck, “Alice in beyond belief post-traditional, Mondrianland,” New York Times , June 3, 1973. See also Marilyn Brown, Alice Trumbull Mason, Emily Mason: Two Generations of Abstract Painting (New York: Eaton House, 1982), 2. 3) Sidney Tillim, “What Happened to Geometry? An Inquiry into Geometrical Painting in America,” Arts Magazine 33 (June 1959): 3844. 4) Alice Trumbull Mason, “Architectural Abstract Art,” February 20, 1952, ATM, reel 630, grid 169. 5) For historical information about Atelier 17, consult Joann Moser, Atelier 17: A 50th Anniversary Retrospective Exhibition (Madison, WI: Elvehjem Art Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1977).

After the completion of essays this essay, the author discovered twenty-four additional women artists participated at Atelier 17. Their names are recorded in a student ledger book that Peter Grippe maintained during his time as Atelier 17 director (195254). See Allentown Art Museum, The Grippe Collection. 6) See Barbara S. Studies! Groseclose and Jochen Wierich, eds., Internationalizing the History of American Art: Views (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2009); Jennifer L. Roberts, Transporting Visions: The Movement of essays about research Images in Early America (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2014). 7) The author created a dataset of more than 1,700 entries for the Viewshare analysis and charts in this article. Sources included published exhibition catalogues and archival material from collections in the Archives of American Art, which are noted throughout this article's footnotes. As possible, citations have been recorded in the Viewshare data (see the a thesis “List” tab). The author realizes the dataset is by no means comprehensive. 8) Donna Marxer, “Minna Citron: ‘Getting Old Is Just as Good',” Women Artists Newsletter , December 1977, 2. 9) For more on “others” within Abstract Expressionism, see Ann Gibson, Abstract Expressionism: Other Politics (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1997).

10) Ten Brooklyn print exhibition occurred annually from essays research 1947 to 1956, after which the disorders essay outline frequency tapered off to approximately every two years. The twenty-sixth and last annual occurred in essays, 2001, after a long gap between the twenty-fifth in 1989. See Guide to Records of the Department of Prints, Drawings and Photographs (18782001), Brooklyn Museum of Art [henceforth cited as BKM-DPDP]. 11) Una Johnson, American Prints and on adhd Printmakers: A Chronicle of Over 400 Artists and Their Prints from essays 1900 to the Present (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1980), 119. 12) Several organizations held print annuals before the BKM: the National Academy of Design, The Library of Congress (established 1943), the Northwest Printmakers (1928), the Print Club of paper career Philadelphia (1915), the Chicago Society of about Etchers (1910), and Society of American Etchers (founded 1931 as Brooklyn Society of Etchers; see additional name permutations for this group within above paragraph).

13) Dorothy Noyes Arms, “Annual Prints from the Exhibition,” Print 6, no. Thesis State! 2 (1949): 20. 14) Art Digest columns were: “Printmakers: Old and Modern” (1947, staff writers), “The Field of Graphic Arts” (1949, Margaret Lowengrund), “Prints” (1951, Dore Ashton). 15) Annuals, museums, and dealers largely dictated prints fit standard mats. See Margaret Lowengrund, “The Circle Expands,” Art Digest 23 (March 1, 1949): 24. Research! The BKM annuals exploded size restrictions; while the submission guidelines requested traditional mats up to 22x28 inches, they also allowed for career, submissions of any size.

16) Boris Margo, “The Ides of Art: 11 Graphic Artists Write,” Tiger's Eye , no. 8 (June 1949): 53. 17) Anne Ryan journal, 194445, reel 88, series 4, no. 18, (emphasis original), Anne Ryan papers, 19221968, Archives of about research American Art, Smithsonian Institution [henceforth cited as ARP]. Exam! All Ryan's quotes from this paragraph come from this journal. 18) For the most recent scholarship on Ryan's collages, see Claudine Armand, Anne Ryan: Collages (Giverny, France: MusÃe d'Art AmÃricain, 2001).

19) Neither firm successfully entered the abstract print market. About! By the 1950s, Lewenthal's attempt to belief essays in a post-traditional break into modern prints was lampooned as mass culture and not fine art. In 1958, Lewenthal's AAA split in two with a high and low art division. Erika Doss, “Catering to Consumerism: Associated American Artists and the Marketing of Modern Art, 19341958,” Winterthur Portfolio 26, no. 2/3 (SummerAutumn 1991): 16667. 20) Helen Phillips, “1940's in US; A.17,” Helen Phillips papers, Paris. According to Phillips, lecturing was quite important to Hayter's financial stability: “Bills [ sic ] income came from print sales, exhibitions, his lecture demonstrations, and visiting teaching jobs,” rather than from essays research running Atelier 17.

21) Day to Ryan, undated (ca. 1947), ARP, reel 88, grid 643. 22) Day to case on adhd Ryan, July 26 (no year, ca. 1947), ARP, reel 87, grids 3001. 23) Day to Ryan, July 26 (ca. 1947).

24) “Notebook on Colored Wood-Cuts, 1945,” ARP, reel 88, series 4, no. 20. 25) Dorothy Dehner, interview with Laurie Wilson, June 17, 1977, tape 3a, side 1. For more on Nevelson's Atelier 17 etchings, see my forthcoming essay in American Women Artists, 19351970: Gender, Culture, and Politics , Helen Langa and Paula Wisotzki, eds. (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, forthcoming/2015). 26) Nevelson to Dehner, April 24, 1963, reel D298, grid 112, Dorothy Dehner papers, 19201987 (bulk 19511987), Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution [henceforth cited as DD]. Though Tamarind extended a fellowship to Dehner in September 1963 (Susan Jonas to Dehner, DD, reel 298, grid 149), illness prevented her from essays taking it. She finally worked at Tamarind in beyond on religion post-traditional, late-1970 and early-1971. 27) Seidler to research Dehner, November 6, 1963, DD, reel D298, grid 155. 28) Janice Carter Larson, Painting the Halls of Heaven: Life and Works of Margaret Balzer Cantieni (Bethlehem, PA: Payne Gallery of Moravian College, 2004). 29) In Day's July 26, 1947 letter to Ryan, she wrote: “I remember indirectly that there was a rather talented young artist who taught there awhileMargaret Balzer by essays quotations, namewho is about research, quite modern in studies on adhd, her work.” 30) Dorothy Tredennick to Ryan, September 25, 1947, ARP, reel 86, grid 871.

31) See press clippings in Alphabetical Files: Graphic Circle 19431952, box 362, folder 4, Jacques Seligmann Co. records, 19041978, bulk 19131974, Archives of about research American Art, Smithsonian Institution [henceforth cited as GC at JSCo]. 32) Vincent Katz, “Louise Bourgeois: An Interview,” The Print Collector's Newsletter XXVI, no. 3 (August 1995): 88. 33) At the 1947 BKM annual, over 600 artists submitted approximately 1,300 prints, from on adhd which the jury selected only 210. “Contemporary Print Annual, Information for the Jury,” Scrapbook, 1st-9th National Print Exhibitions [henceforth cited as Scrapbook], BKM-DPDP. 34) Una Johnson accessioned about essays research, ninety additional prints outside of the annual exhibitions by women artists from Atelier 17. 35) See woodblocks dated 194749 and undated woodblocks (roman numeral titles) in Anne Ryan (New York: Kraushaar Galleries, 1957). 36) Citron showed representational prints at SAGA in 1940, February 1942, fall 1942, and 1943. 37) Sue Fuller, oral history interview with Paul Cummings, April 24, 1975, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

38) Fuller, oral history. 39) The following women were judges of SAGA annuals: Fuller (1948, 1954), Mason (1954), and Christine Engler (1950, 1952). 40) Karl Kup, “Notes Around the World: New York Commentary,” Print 5, no. 1 (1947): 6566. 41) Berthe Von Moschzisker, oral history interview with Ruth Fine, August 29, 1988, p. Research Teacher Career! 30, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. For PPC history, see Fortieth Anniversary: The Print Club (Philadelphia: The Print Club, 1954). 42) Inaugural announcement for Artist's Workshop (term FebruaryJune 1945), Print Club scrapbooks, 19161982, reel 4232, grid 284, Archives of essays research American Art, Smithsonian Institution [henceforth cited as PCS]. Hayter continued teaching at thesis penn PPC until circa 1949.

43) Participation numbers are based on essays about research, review of news clippings in PCS and an Excel chart provided by on adhd, The Print Center, the successor to the PPC. Research! There are no known catalogs from annuals from this era. 44) The PPC sporadically donated honorable mentions to the PMA. 45) Letter to PPC membership, January 25, 1942, PCS, reel 4232, grid 163. For a list of submission state PPC gifts currently in the PMA's collection, consult Viewshare table. 46) Carl Zigrosser to essays research Alice Trumbull Mason, April 22 and May 24, 1946, ATM, reel 629, grids 392 and 394. 47) Minna Citron, “In Deep Relief,” Artist's Proof 6, no. 910 (1966): 33. 48) Annemarie Henle to Una Johnson, December 1, 1947, Scrapbook, BKM-DPDP. 49) Annemarie Henle to Una Johnson, January 27, 1950, Scrapbook, BKM-DPDP. 50) “New Directions in Gravure-Hayter Studio 17 [US itinerary],” Department of Circulating Exhibitions Records, [II.], The Museum of Modern Art Archives, New York [henceforth cited as DCER].

Nina Negri and Barbara Olmstead, women from Atelier 17's Paris years, also showed in Hayter and Studio 17 . 51) An itinerary of the essays world Latin American venues has not been located as of the publication date. The State Department formed the Inter-American Office at the National Gallery of Art (NGA) in 1944, and it closed in 1948 when government aid ended. Essays About Research! See Margaret D. Essays Be Italicized Quotations! Garrett, Report of the Inter-American Office, National Gallery of essays Art (Washington DC: US Government, 1946). Studies! For MoMA's transfer of the show to the NGA, see Huntington Cairns to Elodie Courter, 1945, DCER [II.]. 52) Moderne Amerikaanse Grafiek (The Hague: Gemeentemuseum s'Gravenhage, 1953). No known catalog exists for the Kunsthaus show. 53) See Arthur W. Heintzelman, Contemporary American Prints; Organized for the Museums in Israel (Boston: Boston Public Library, 1953); Zeitgenössische Graphik Aus Den USA (Stuttgart: Office of essays about Land Commissioner for research paper career, Württemberg-Baden, 1949); Incisori Degli Stati Uniti (Calografia Nazionale, Rome, 195?).

Catalogs from several of the about research French traveling venues can be found in ATM, reel 630, grids 48990, 520, 649, 6756. 54) Arthur Heintzelman to exhibitors, ATM, reel 629, grid 469. 55) “Last Record,” ARP, reel 88, series 10. 56) The USIA's efforts to amass a large collection of prints began as early as 1963. See USIA correspondence with Citron relating to bulk purchase of her prints: Lois A. Bingham to Citron, June 29, 1963, reel 268, Minna Wright Citron papers, 19301980 [henceforth cited as MWC]. 57) Leonard H. Marks to eating disorders outline Alice Trumbull Mason, April 9, 1968, ATM, reel 629, grid 795. See also, “The U.S.I.A. Print Program,” Art in America 56, no.

1 (February 1968): 6669. 58) “United States Information Agency: Graphic Arts Program, List no. Essays About Research! 2,” ATM, reel 629, grids 796801. 59) A chapter in my dissertation looks at how women artists challenged associations of lace and textiles used in soft ground etchingseen in both Fuller's and Mason's work in this essaywith traditional women's craft. 60) Despite Atelier 17's group shows being numbered as if they were annual events, there are several gaps with no known exhibition (e.g., 1946, 1948, 1950). 61) Tenth Exhibition: Prints by 35 Members of the defending oral Atelier 17 Group (New York: Willard Gallery, 1945).

62) Maude Riley, “Atelier 17,” Art Digest 19 (June 1, 1945): 15; “Atelier 17 Group,” Art News 44 (June 1945): 6. 63) Betty Willis to Anne Ryan, ARP, reel 86, grid 804. 64) Christmas Selections (New York: Willard Gallery, 1945), ARP, reel 88, series 6. 65) Fuller, oral history. 66) Stanley William Hayter, Atelier 17: New Etchings and Engravings by Members of the Group (London: The Leicester Galleries, 1947), 9. 67) “Atelier 17 in London,” Art News 46 (May 1947): 10.

68) Women mentioned were Margaret Cilento, Fuller, West, Anne Wienholt, and Madeleine Wormser. See “Stanley William Hayter's Atelier 17 at Laurel,” Art News 48 (March 1949): 45; “Prints by Members of Atelier 17 at the Laurel Gallery,” Art Digest 23 (March 15, 1949): 20. 69) See review of the “impressive” catalogue: “Atelier 17,” Print Collector's Quarterly 30, no. 2 (March 1950): 69. 70) Herbert Read et al., Fourteenth Exhibition of Prints by Members of the Atelier 17 Group (New York: Wittenborn, Schultz, Inc., 1949), 9, 11, 13, 19, 24, 25, 32, 33. 71) Atelier 17 (New York: Grace Borgenicht Gallery, 1951). There was also a group show at Peretz Johnnes Gallery in July 1952, but no exhibition catalogue is known.

See “Atelier 17 Group,” Art Digest 26 (July 1952): 19. 72) For a list of about initial members, see Vale Faro to Una Johnson (no date, ca. 1946), Exhibition Series: Vanguard, BKM-DPDP. 73) “Vanguard Schedule,” May 14, 1946, Exhibition Series: Vanguard, BKM-DPDP. 74) Theresa Parker to Earl Sims, October 13, 1950, GC at JSCo. Beyond In A Post-traditional World! Una Johnson identified the Painter-Printmakers as the “7 Painter-Printmakers” and included Margaret Lowengrund as a seventh member to Parker's list.

See “Chronology of Important Exhibitions” in Una Johnson and John Gordon, 14 Painter-Printmakers (Brooklyn, NY: Brooklyn Museum of Art, 1955). About Research! Despite similar sounding names, there was no direct relationship between these two groups. 75) Organizing artists (Citron, Day, Gelb, Margo, von Wicht) to prospective member (Josef Albers, Will Barnet, Fuller, Mason, Gabor Peterdi, Karl Schrag, Louis Schanker, Ryan, Kurt Seligmann), April 20, 1953, reel 998, grid 809, Jan Gelb and Boris Margo papers, 19221977, Archives of case American Art, Smithsonian Institution [henceforth cited as JG/BKM]. 76) After Ryan's death in about research, 1954, the group elected Perle Fine to fill her spot. Belief Essays On Religion! See meeting agenda, September 19, 1954, JG/BKM, reel 998, grid 778. 77) Press release for about, Unique Impressions at defending The Deitsch Gallery, March 826, 1960, ATM, reel 630, grid 642. 78) See Mason's handwritten note on meeting agenda for 14 Painter-Printmakers, January 19, 1959, ATM, reel 630, grid 382. 79) 14 Painter-Printmakers organizing letter, April 20, 1953. 80) See invitation to 14 Painter-Printmakers at Stable Gallery, ATM, reel 630, grid 534; see 14 Painter-Printmakers (New York: Kraushaar Galleries, 1954), ATM, reel 630, grids 54647. 81) “Fourteen Painter-Printmakers Itinerary,” exhibition 5438, ATM, reel 630, grid 409. 82) See MMA accession numbers 54.591.113.

The museum did not buy a print by Kurt Seligmann. 83) Invitation, November 11, 1954, JG/BKM, reel 998 grid 778. 84) Hyatt Mayor to Citron, February 5, 1976, MWC, unmicrofilmed correspondence (emphasis original). 85) “Report from October 1331, 1955,” Departmental administrative series, Reports (195263), BKM-DPDP. 86) “Report from November 1955,” Departmental administrative series, Reports (195263), BKM-DPDP. 87) Day to Peter Barnet, January 22, 1974, page 2, unmicrofilmed correspondence, Worden Day Papers, 19401982, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. 88) “14 Painter-Printmakers,” (New York: Kraushaar Galleries, 1957), ATM, reel 630, grids 5656. Itinerary found in essays, box 29, folder 5732, American Federation of Arts records, 18951993 (bulk 19091969), Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

89) Darthea Speyer to research about teacher career Gelb, July 8, 1958, JG/BKM, reel 998, grid 587. 90) See note 75 for Deitsch Gallery. Unique Images (New York: Joseph Grippi Gallery, 1963), ATM, reel 630, grid 593. 91) Drafts of “Venus through the essays research Ages” can be found in penn state, JG/BKM, reel 998, grids 421482, and the artists' notes and clippings for “Venus” in un-microfilmed material from JG/BKM. Essays About Research! See also “Venus has Three Heads,” article/lecture/press release summarizing the artists' research process in MWC, reel 268, series 5. For context of Gelb's and be italicized or in quotations Citron's pioneering feminist effort, see Chapter 8 of essays about research Daniel Belasco, “Between the research about teacher Waves: Feminist Positions in American Art, 19491962” (PhD diss., New York University, 2008). Write for the Archives of about American Art Journal. The Archives of American Art supports new approaches and out-of-the-box thinking about primary source materials . Find out how to beyond in a submit your article for publication consideration today.

Published June 14, 2016 by Princeton Architectural Press. Internship, fellowship, and volunteer opportunities provide students and lifelong learners with the ability to contribute to the study and preservation of about visual arts records in America . Through collecting, preserving, and providing access to our collections, the Archives inspires new ways of interpreting the visual arts in thesis submission penn state, America and allows current and future generations to piece together the nation’s rich artistic and essays about research cultural heritage.

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Traditional Gender Roles Essay Examples Outline. Are you in High School, College, Masters, Bachelors or Ph.D and need specialist in your field to essays research help write your research paper? All you need is to ask for research paper help written by a specialist in your academic field. When you buy an essay online from us, we offer you an original, nil plagiarized and unique paper written by a dedicated writer who is PhD or Masters qualified. is an experienced service with over exam 9 years experience having delivered over research 83,000 essays over research about career the years. The events of the past decade of the millennium have had a significant influence on research the gender roles.

Study of gender has emerged as a central trend in sociology. Sociologists must account for effects of the millennium recession and the global patterns. This paper documents the evidence for the traditional gender roles (Aalberg Jenssen, 2007). It is important to link sociological explanation of gender with other disciplines such as sexuality in order to understand the traditional concepts of gender. Sociology is concerned with the human behavior and how it is shaped by the group life. Research on gender indicates that the research about career, social interactions in the society are influenced by gender. Explanation of gendering has formed a foundation of the essays, theoretical and empirical studies (Morris, 2006). The paper will provide evidence of constant reinforcement of the gender roles. Additionally, the paper will explain the changing gender roles in the society. A role is an expected behavior, which is associated with the social status.

Societal norms dictate the gender roles since they are the rules that determine the privileges and a thesis exam, responsibilities that the social status accords to a person. Female and males, daughters and sons, and mothers and fathers are statuses that are attached to the gender roles. The social status of the mother calls for a certain set of essays, roles such as loving, nurturing, home making and self-sacrifice. The social status of the father calls for the expected role of the case on adhd, breadwinner or the main provider for the family. Fathers are also disciplinarians, hands on person and the highest decision making authority. The society allows for some levels of research, flexibility of the gender roles such that in times of rapid change, the clarity of the society-imposed gender roles is always at a flux (Morris, 2006). The most important change in the United States labor market is the increase of disorders essay outline, women in the labor force. Mothers are moving towards employment and the traditional gender roles are always changing. The changes in gender roles leads to essays about a situation whereby the thesis submission penn, society becomes normless since the traditional gender roles have changed and new norms are yet to be developed. For instance, the research, change in thesis gender roles from home based unpaid role to permanent employment in organizations led to a norm less situation.

This was particularly aggravated since the mothers with preschool children were on the forefront of the change. Before the about research, onset of the modern colonial family, the gender roles were specifically different from the usual. Eating Disorders Outline! Families were larger and the concept of the nuclear family was nonexistent. Working was done in the communal manner whereby the families would work towards a common goal. If it were construction, all members of the extended family would play their role in essays research the project (Aalberg Jenssen, 2007). Everyone’s input was set even though the men were the main technical people as it is today. However, the colonial and Christian backed notion of the family unit led to the creation of defending exam, a new norm in the society, which placed the men as main providers for their family.

The extended family was increasingly becoming annihilated from the decision making process since most of the economic changes did not permit them to work in a certain manner. Creation of the about research, ideal family was solely dependent on the newly formed norms. These norms of the patriarchal society have dominated the society leading to the development of a certain perception of the gender roles until recently when their fundamental foundations have been tested. Statuses and paper about teacher, roles in the society allow the people to live in consistent and predictable manner (Aalberg Jenssen, 2007). Research! The roles and statuses work hand in hand with the established norms to eating disorders essay outline prescribe the behavior of the society and ease the interaction between the people that occupy different social statuses and roles regardless of whether the interacting parties have prior encounters with each other. Predictability is essays insidious since when the normative roles are too rigid, the essay outline, freedom of action is about greatly hindered. Rigid definition of the social roles has led to the development of about, stereotypes concerning the gender roles whereby the oversimplification of the conceptions of the about, people that belong to the same social statuses leads to the discrimination of other people.

However, in rare occasions, the stereotypes can include positive aspects. Traditional stereotypes of the gender roles are developed according to the traits that the social groups are supposed to possess. Women are presented as flighty and beyond the control. This assertion is mainly developed due to biological fact that they possess ranging hormones that predisposes them to unpredictable emotional based judgments. The assignment of the aforementioned stereotypes is uncalled for since there is a tendency of studies, developing sexist attitudes towards the women (Aalberg Jenssen, 2007). The society is at risk of assuming that the women are inferior due to the inability of essays, acting rationally. It is important to essays be italicized note that not only women experience negative gender based stereotypes. The prominence of the negative stereotypes on women comes from the fact that the social statuses occupied by women are more stigmatized than the ones occupied by men. Essays! For instance, women are more likely to should or in quotations occupy statuses inside and outside the home setting that are deemed inferior compared to essays research the men.

The beliefs of inferiority of women due to their biological make up are traditionally reinforced and later used as a basis for sexist discrimination. Sexism thrives on the patriarchal systems, which have male dominance and overt discrimination of women. Patriarchy exhibits male centered norms hence it is thesis submission androcentric. Sexist beliefs are reinforced when patriarchy and androcentricism combine to propel the notion that the gender norms are biological and permanent. For instance, the belief those women are unsuitable for essays any other role apart from the domestic chores has been a major hindrance of development among the societies in the developing world. This is the case mainly because there is a preference of the male children when it comes to education opportunities. The perception has led to the installation of the male members of the society as the authors, disseminators and enforcers of the gender based roles. There has always been a considerable level of confusion regarding the differences between sex and gender. However, increasing research has led to case the development of more awareness on the major aspects that distinguish sex from gender. Research! Sex is biological since it focuses on the anatomical features that distinguish a male from eating disorders essay, female and vice versa.

The biological definition of the females and males focuses on research the genetically make up, hormones, anatomy and other features that come from the physiology. Gender is a social construct. It is the research teacher career, social and cultural aspects of the male and female that have been propounded though the essays, different social contexts. Sex only applies in the distinction of the male and female while gender determine who is masculine or feminine. Sex is ascribed to the person at should be italicized or in quotations, the time of birth while gender has to be learnt from the norms and essays, practices of the society. Evidence reinforcing traditional gender roles. Gender roles are evident in the mainstream media. Media prays women as nurturing and gentle since they have to take care of other members of the belief, society. They are often concerned with their appearance and that have to ensure that they have the essays research, right appearance and poise since it is required of them to ascribe to about teacher the norms imposed on them by the society. Women are also depicted as emotional and they make their decisions according to how they feel even when the evidence points out that the decision based on feelings is unattainable.

Men are depicted as logical since they try to attain the best outcome out of the about, situation that they are undergoing. Competitiveness is a major aspect of the male gender role that comes out in the media. For instance, men watch and participate in rough sports to display their competitiveness. Men are also displayed as aloof in that they work alone towards the a thesis oral exam, attainment of a certain goal. However, when they work in essays a group, there is always a high degree of dominance of the group decisions by a certain member. This member is the alpha male and is independent.

The media also sells the proposition that men are more dominant over the women. Thesis Penn! The media portrays the women as emphatic more than it portrays their male counterparts. The media is more likely to display women as sex objects as opposed to essays the men. Penn! Media is about awash with necessary images of women that create a surreal expectation. The female body is about normally used to advertise things that are sexual in nature. For instance, the video games display women with large breasts and attractive. Their role to the development of the plot is usually limited since they are only in the video game for their sexual aspects (Aalberg Jenssen, 2007). There is also constant pressure among the about, women to attain certain standards of thesis submission, beauty due to the constant reinforcement of some perceptions of what makes one beautiful. Some of the media content places pressure on women on not only research their bodies but also their attractiveness and marital status through content full of beautiful, young and single women (Morris, 2006). Women often dress in a provocative manner compared to men due to the media imposed stereotype that the women have to case studies on adhd maintain a certain appearance. Media programs display the teenage girls as overtly passive.

The teenage girl in the media is concerned with her appearance, shopping or relationships, which are superficial topics. The teenage girls that stray from the norm always end up being outlasted since they chose better topics such as career development. The irony of this stereotype is that the girls are the ones that are responsible for hindering their own development while the society seems innocent (Morris, 2006). The reality is that the essays about, society has engineered the societal norms with accuracy and there is no way that one can distance the society role in the media stereotype creation. Media also reinforces the traditional roles of the women and men by indicating the men as the better-paid employees in the organization.

The media has the ability to come up with the right approach to the women but it seeks to propound the real life experiences of the women. The job positions displayed in the media are better paying and more prestigious when they are occupied by men (Aalberg Jenssen, 2007). The occasional strong woman figure is disorders essay juxtaposed with a lower cadre employee with a sense of amiability and social acceptance. The media will make the lower cadre employee look better in the audience compared to the executives. Essays Research! The executives are always displayed as sad members of the society whose life rotates around the work situation. Their distinction from the job is highly unlikely since they exist only to defending oral exam work since they cannot fulfill the traditional roles (Morris, 2006). The conspicuous effort of the essays about, media to display the women in certain manner has led to should essays be italicized the propulsion of the notion that there are some roles that the women have to fulfill failure of which they have to accept the description accorded to them as empty mechanistic people (Morris, 2006). The homemakers in the media are lauded for their selfless efforts in the sustenance of the family unit and their knack for performance. This leads to the reinforcement of the traditional gender role for the women as the homemakers due to their nurturing role.

Downplaying the input of the single executive in the workplace is a sexist move meant to propound the notion that women re inferior to men. Effects of exposure to media. Media is a major influencer among the young generation members. The children that are exposed to multiple gender images will most likely adopt the stereotype since it is a norm. Fewer children will work with the counter stereotype. The stereotypes have negative effects of essays about, lowering the self-esteem and dignity of women. Some of them are changing their outlook since they have mounting dissatisfaction with their bodies (Aalberg Jenssen, 2007). Images of lonely and isolated executives have the effect of hindering the thesis state, career development among women. The media reinforced gender roles regarding the essays about research, behavior of men and women leading to entrenchment of the practices of the society along the gender roles. Studies indicate that TV viewership can reinforce the attitudes of the women towards themselves and subjects such as career. The consistent messages passed through the mainstream media have two effect, in the first instance; the consistent messages can reinforce the should essays quotations, traditional beliefs such that the women that were trying to work against the grain are forced to conform to the traditional perceptions of the gender roles.

The second effect of the media is the creation of new perceptions of gender whereby there are new aspects of gender that all the women learn. Essays Research! Changing perceptions can alter the gender roles if they are strong enough. In conclusion, traditional gender roles persist due to the increasing reinforcement of the said roles by the media. Belief Essays In A! Media depiction of the two genders leads to the reinforcement of the traditional gender roles whereby the boys are termed to be different from the girls. The media also portrays what becomes of the women or men that do not work according to the gender roles since they become pariahs in essays about the society (Aalberg Jenssen, 2007). In order to research paper about career be a member of the essays research, society, a person is forced to conform to the gender roles. Aalberg, T. Jenssen, A.T. (2007). Gender stereotyping of political candidates: An experimental study of political communication, Nordicom Review, 28, 17-32. Morris, P. (2006,). Case On Adhd! Gender in print advertisements: A snapshot of representations from around the world. Media Report to Women, 34, 13-20.

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25 Editing Tips for essays about research, Tightening Your Copy. Writers rarely spit out their best copy on the first draft. (If you meet a writer who claims to essays on religion, have the secret for about research, doing so, please let the on adhd, rest of us know.) First drafts — and second drafts and sometimes thirds — exist to essays about, hash your ideas out on defending, paper. After you’ve revised your book, story, blog post or article until you can revise no more, you just hand it off to your editor to clean up, right? Well, that’d be ideal. But most of us don’t have the luxury of essays research hiring an expensive editor to review our personal blog post. And since procrastination is the writer’s best friend, you probably don’t have time to even ask a fellow writer pal take a quick peek for errors. And so, it falls to you to be your own editor. Is it really possible edit your own work when all the oral, words you just finished writing are so precious? Yes! It can be done — and for the sake of making your writing stand out, it must be done. Grab your red pen, pull up your most recently saved draft, and essays about research get to work with these 25 tips to tighten your own copy.

I’m not talking about run-on sentences. Many long sentences are grammatically correct. Should Essays Be Italicized Or In Quotations. But long sentences often contain several ideas, so they can easily lose the reader’s focus because they don’t provide a break, leading readers to get stuck or lose interest, and about research perhaps the reader might get bored and go watch TV instead. See what I mean? If you spot a comma-heavy sentence, try to give each idea its own sentence. Adverbs weaken your copy because these excess words are not truly descriptive. Paper Teacher. Rather than saying the girl runs quickly, say she sprints. Instead of describing the cat as walking slowly, say he creeps or tiptoes. Research. The screen door didn’t shut noisily, it banged shut.

Find a more powerful verb to eating disorders essay, replace the weak verb + weak -ly adverb combo. Sometimes it’s necessary to use both first and second person, but that can be jarring for readers. For example, you might start your introduction talking about yourself, then switch halfway through the essays about research, piece and eating disorders start addressing the reader. Try to essays, stick to “I” voice or “you” voice throughout one piece of writing. And if you must switch, start with one and finish with the paper about teacher career, other. Don’t move back and about forth between the paper teacher, two. Your readers will get lost. A powerful hyphen here and a thought-provoking semicolon there can be effective.

But a piece of writing littered with all sorts of punctuation — parentheses, colons, ellipses, etc. — doesn’t flow well. Essays Research. Oftentimes, you can eliminate these extra pieces of punctuation with commas or by ending a sentence and starting a new one #8212; and that makes your writing that much stronger. Instead of saying what something isn’t, say what it is. “You don’t want to case on adhd, make these mistakes in your writing” could be better stated as “You want to avoid these mistakes in your writing.” It’s more straightforward. If you find negative statements in your writing that contain don’t, shouldn’t, can’t or another such word, find a way to rewrite them without the “not.” That will probably mean you need to find a more powerful verb. 6. Replace stuffy words with simple ones. Some people think jargon makes their writing sound smart, but you know better. Good writing does not confuse readers. If they need to grab a dictionary to finish a sentence, your writing has room for improvement. To get your point across, use words people are familiar with. The English language has thousands of words. You can certainly find a shorter or more common word in research, your thesaurus than a jargony one.

You don’t need to say the exact same thing with two words. Did you catch the should, redundant words in that sentence? Here#8217;s a better version: you don’t need to essays research, say the same thing with two words. Brand new, advance planning, basic necessities#8230; the list of these common phrases is longer than this blog post. Check out’s 200 Common Redundancies and then start snipping! Sometimes sneaky redundancies are separated by an #8220;and.#8221; If you say your sentences are straightforward and to-the-point, they are neither. Paper About Teacher Career. You don’t need both words. Your sentences are straightforward. Or, your sentences are to-the-point. Though prepositions (of, in, to, for, etc.) are helpful little words, they make sentences more lengthy because they cannot stand alone. Prepositions need lots of friends.

By cutting the essays, preposition and the words that follow, you can cut three, four or even five words. Sometimes a prepositional phrase can be replaced with just one more direct word, or cut completely. An easy way to cut prepositions is to look for opportunities to make something possessive. The car of your neighbor is really just your neighbor’s car. Beyond Belief Essays On Religion Post-traditional World. You never need it. If you’re going to the kitchen in research, order to make a sandwich… Your sentence could be tighter. Because you’re really going to the kitchen to make a sandwich. That #8220;in order to#8221; makes it take a millisecond longer to arrive at the meaty part of the sentence, which means your story is dragging more than it needs to. Did you start to walk the dog, or did you walk the dog? Is the car starting to roll down the hill, or is essay, it rolling down the about research, hill? “Start to” is a more difficult phrase to case, deal with than “in order to,” because sometimes you do need it.

But more likely than not, you don’t. About Research. Rather than making “start” the active verb, use the verb that’s actually more active — like walking or rolling — to tell your story. Should Essays Or In. In about five percent of your sentences (total guess from the essays research, grammar police), “that” makes your idea easier to understand. In the other 95 percent, get rid of defending a thesis oral it! “I decided that journalism was a good career for me” reads better as “I decided journalism was a good career for essays research, me.” 12. Replace #8220;thing#8221; with a better word. Usually when we write “thing” or “things,” it’s because we were too lazy to think of a better word.

In every day life, we may ask for in a post-traditional world, “that thing over there,” but in your writing, calling anything a “thing” does not help your reader. Try to replace all “thing” or “things” with a more descriptive word. 13. Essays About Research. Try really hard to spot instances of defending a thesis oral #8220;very#8221; and essays #8220;really#8221; This is a very difficult one to studies, remember. I almost never get it right, until I go back through my copy, and the word jumps out at me, and then I change the essays about research, sentence to “This is a difficult one to remember.” Because really, how much is that “very” helping you get your point across? It doesn’t make the belief on religion in a world, task sound more difficult. Same thing with “really.” It’s not a “really” difficult tip to remember. It’s simply a difficult tip to remember. Got it? “Make” is about, sometimes used in the same way as “start to,” in place of what could be a stronger verb. For example, I first titled this post, I wrote “25 ways to make your copy stronger.” When I re-read it, I realized the verb wasn’t strong.

I’d used “make” as the verb, when it doesn’t tell the reader much at a thesis oral all. So I changed the about research, title to “25 ways to strengthen your copy.” Eventually I realized “tighten” was an even better verb. As this UNC handout explains, using the passive voice isn’t really wrong. Be Italicized Or In Quotations. But whenever you have the chances to essays about, make your writing clearer, you should — and avoiding the passive voice is one of those instances. I know the thesis submission penn, passive voice when I see it, but I’m bad at essays explaining it, so I’m going to leave that to beyond belief essays on religion post-traditional, Grammar Girl. Explaining grammar is her specialty.

16. Research. Refer to people as #8220;who#8221; not #8220;that#8221; John is the guy who always forgets his shoes, not the guy that always forgets his shoes. It’s easy to make this mistake because that has become acceptable in everyday conversations. But it’s more noticeable when it’s written down. #8220;Currently” is virtually always redundant. Don’t write: “Tom Jones is defending a thesis oral, currently a communications director.” If Tom Jones is anything, he’s that at essays about that moment; you don’t need “currently” to clarify. Just get rid of it. 18. Eliminate #8220;there is#8221; or #8220;there are#8221; at the beginning of sentences. This is often a symptom of lazy writing. Research About Teacher Career. There are lots of better, more interesting ways to essays about, start sentences.

Oops. Defending Exam. See how easy it is to make this mistake? Instead of starting a sentence with “there is,” try turning the research, phrase around to include a verb or start with you. For example, replace the sentence above with #8220;Start your sentences in a more interesting way.#8221; If your copy includes a lot of phrases that begin with “there is” or “there are,” put some time into rewriting most of research them. Bullet points are a popular and effective way to essays, organize complex ideas. Just make sure your bullets correspond to one another. Too often, writers mix and match mistakes with what you should do or make transition to shoulds halfway through the essays in a post-traditional world, post — which only confuses the reader.

If your piece is called 3 Career Mistakes You Don’t Want to Make, here’s a bullet point that works: Forgetting to tailor your resume each time you apply for a job. Essays. Here’s one that doesn’t work (because it’s not actually a mistake — the submission, writer inadvertedly switched to what you should do): Make sure you tailor your resume. Often you can turn any idea into a tip by adding a verb. For example: “Remember that sitting on your head helps you write better.” Make your bullet points consistent and research your writing will read more smoothly. Which sounds more personable: I am heading to be italicized, the market that is close to my house, or I’m heading to the market that’s close to my house? Contractions make your writing sound friendlier, like you’re (not you are) a real person. And that makes it easier to about research, connect with readers. Contractions can also make your post easier to read and comprehend. So go out of your way to include them in your posts! Your editor will thank you. “We were starting to …” or “She was skiing toward …” Whenever you see an ing in your copy, think twice about whether you need it — because you probably don’t. Instead, get rid of were or was, then eliminate that ing and replace it with past tense: “We started to outline, …” or “She skied toward …” Pruning excessive “ings” makes your writing clearer and easier to about research, read.

22. Research About Career. Check your commas with that and which. When used as a descriptor, the word “which” takes a comma. But the word “that” doesn’t. Essays About Research. For example: “We went to the house that collapsed yesterday” or “We went to the house, which collapsed yesterday.” Confused about when to use “that” vs. Submission Penn. “which?” Grammar Girl offers a great explanation. 23.

Replace #8220;over#8221; with #8220;more than#8221; for numbers. Over 200 people did not like your Facebook page — more than 200 people did. Of course, everyone will know what you mean if you use “over.” But using “more than” is essays about research, one of those little details that will help your writing shine. Whenever you modify a noun with more than one word, you need a hyphen. Lots of people don’t follow this rule, so it’s a great way to show you actually walk the eating outline, walk.

That means you need a hyphen if you’re writing about full-time work. Essays. But you don’t need one if you’re working full time. Thesis Penn State. Got it? The exception: No need to hyphenate modifiers that end in “ly.” Those are OK on their own. So your newly hired employee doesn’t need that hyphen. No matter how good of a writer you are, when you sit down to write a first draft, you have a tendency to spit out sentences in about research, a certain way or use certain words. The more familiar you become with editing your own copy, the more quickly you should be able to pick up on your tells. Be Italicized Or In. And, the essays about, more ruthless you can be to defending, eliminate them from your writing. #8220;Start to#8221; plagued me while writing my book; I made the “start to” mistake again and about again. But once I knew to look for it during revisions, I was able to correct it. Oral Exam. (Hint: If this is a problem for you, try using Word’s search function to essays about research, look for eating essay outline, “start.” You’ll catch each one, so you can evaluate them individually.) We're a team of writers and essays about editors here to help you create, connect and eating disorders outline earn. This course by essays research, Danny Iny will teach you how to write great posts, get them published anywhere you want, and benefit from traffic, reputation and sales. Awesome advice!

Ironically, #5 contains a duplicate word. #128578; Thanks for on religion in a, the heads up, Emma! Much appreciated #128578; These are great tips reminders. I teach a writing class at the local college and will share these with my students. Useful reminders. I started off reading the list feeling quite smug (I know that etc) then gradually became more and more downhearted as I realised how many ways there are slip up … And I#8217;ve even used started off in this brief comment! This post is bookmark-worthy!

Thanks for the great tips, TWL! Great advice. Not only will I use it, I will pass it on to my students. About Research. Awesome! Cheers, Kate. Thank you for research paper teacher career, this informative post!

It is an essays research, excellent tutorial to improve my writing by making it more concise and be italicized or in quotations readable. You#8217;ve offered great tips I will refer back to and study. Thanks, Colleen! I#8217;m glad we could help. Brilliant!

Thank you. What a great post! I#8217;m on the second draft of my book, and essays about read heaps of books and articles on self-editing. On Religion In A. This article had a few points I haven#8217;t seen before. Essays. Thanks a billion. Disorders Essay. This is a great resource! And I clearly have ALL THE THOUGHTS on it. #128578; 1. Don#8217;t use as well as when and will do. Or perhaps #8220;simplify#8221; would be a better tip. 2. Don#8217;t be afraid to end your sentences in prepositions. The original #8220;rule#8221; is for Latin, not English.

And the essays, #8220;[preposition] which#8221; construction is wrong at least half the eating disorders outline, time, if not more. 3. Use indefinite adjectives with caution. Words like some or any can generally be dropped. 4. Essays. Read out should, loud. Essays About. Our brain processes language differently when we read out research teacher career, loud, and essays this is an excellent way to spot mistakes we might otherwise miss. Redundancies are often the sign of an insecure, unsure, or verbose writer; it#8217;s an over-compensation. If you have a phrase that makes you say, #8220;Well, duh,#8221; you#8217;ve got redundancy. In A Post-traditional. e.g. About. #8220;I thought in my head.#8221; Where else are your thoughts? The UNC passive voice link leads to a 404 page. As a passive voice champion (it#8217;s overused, yes, but more because we don#8217;t understand it, not because it#8217;s wrong), I recommend this passive voice infographic for a quick and easy look at what it is and does.

So I can end my sentences in prepositions? I fell I have been set free! Oh my! I had no idea. I#8217;ve never read an article on editing I found useful. My writing#8217;s quite bad and on adhd I publish every blog post at first draft. This article and the resource URLs has increased my confidence level. I#8217;m certain to improve my writing skills. Thanks for essays, sharing these valuable tips with your readers. Should Essays. Thanks so much for essays, the kind words, Eddie! This is research about teacher career, really interesting.

I enjoy learning new grammar rules and learning more concrete ways to essays about research, engage in writing in order to make it better and stronger. Thesis Submission State. And I#8217;ve heard of the #8220;don#8217;t use too many adverbs#8221; rule in the past. They#8217;re everywhere!! haha. Thanks for this list! Great advice! I just scanned my WIP for #8220;start#8221; and got rid of a bunch. I found #8220;Perry and I together#8221; too. What IS that. *highlight, delete, rewrite* Thanks for these tips!

I have been revising and essays editing my book for a few days now, and reading this post has given me a better way to target my editing efforts. It#8217;s easy for me to edit other people#8217;s work, but I have always struggled with editing my own (mainly because I procrastinated and didn#8217;t leave time to edit while in school). A Thesis. My struggles are with #8220;really,#8221; #8220;the fact of the matter is,#8221; #8220;so,#8221; using #8220;that#8221; when it#8217;s not necessary, and changing voice. I will be returning to this post again before I#8217;m ready to essays, publish! I#8217;m glad it helped, Erica! I agree, it#8217;s always harder to edit your own work. Good luck with your revisions! Bookmark-worthy. Essays Or In Quotations. I hardly thought this topic could make me laugh, but you managed it! Nice work!

I#8217;m glad we could make you laugh, and that we#8217;ve made your bookmarks list! #8 needs correcting: Sometimes a prepositional phrases can be replaced with just one more direct word, or cut completely. Otherwise, this was a good post-well written and practical. Thanks for about research, sharing. Thanks for catching that, Alice! Superb!

I#8217;ve bookmarked this page. You can be sure I#8217;ll read it 25 times every day. I#8217;m glad you like the beyond belief essays on religion in a, article and essays research that it has made your bookmarks! Thanks, Diya! You#8217;ll also get a free copy of The Freelance Writer’s Pitch Checklist.

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Free Essays on Warrant Officer Essay. ?2000 Word Essay on Disrespecting an NCO by SPC BUTLER On November 21, I received a negative counseling for disrespecting a Non Commissioned Officer , though it was warranted by a series of events I didn’t agree with I should have found a more appropriate way to essays research, voice my concerns. The online dictionary. PFC Thiel Dillon F 26 October 2012 Article 92 Essay 760th ORD CO (EOD) While at research paper, his NTC rotation PFC Thiel was tasked by SFC Graff with being at the trucks at 0630 to begin the essays about duty day. PFC Thiel along with a few others were late to the trucks. As a result everyone in paper about teacher career, the company lost the privilege. Non-commissioned Officer and United States.

discourtesy, or rudeness. In the United States Military, there are rules and essays about research regulations you must follow, one of them being respect to beyond belief in a, a non commissioned officer . No matter the circumstance, whether you agree or not, you are not allowed to talk back, physically fight back, or question judgment. If this does. This is a ten thousand word (military related) essay on the importance to follow simple instructions, the importance of essays, non commissioned officers in the military, and why it is eating disorders, important to follow leadership whether u are in essays about research, the military or another form of work in which u are under a form of research paper teacher, leadership. Repercussions for Not Being at Your Place of Duty. part of the essay was Article 91-Insubordinate conduct toward warrant officer , noncommissioned officer , or petty officer . infractions. Research! Article 91?Insubordinate conduct toward warrant officer , NCO, or PO Any warrant officer or enlisted member who? (1) strikes or assaults a warrant officer , non-commissioned.

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consequences I am writing this essay because I disrespected a non commissioned officer . I do apologize for about research, what I did and have said. Oral! I have learned from my mistake and I see why I am to do this essay and that is to show that disrespecting a non commissioned officer will not be tolerated and essays about research two give. 91 -“Any warrant officer or enlisted member who— (1) strikes or assaults a warrant officer , non-commissioned officer , or petty officer , while that officer is in the execution of his office; (2) willfully disobeys the eating disorders lawful order of a warrant officer , noncommissioned officer , or petty officer ; or (3). Reflective Essay 26th, October 2009 The purpose of this reflective paper is to define the role and function of the essays about criminal justice system, relate the definitions to actual experience, discuss your attitude philosophy and research about teacher assumptions about the criminal justice system and about evaluate your overall. by The Free Online dictionary as : Lack of respect, esteem, or courteous regard and To show a lack of respect for Disrespecting a noncommissioned officer is not tolerated in the United States Army.

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89—Disrespect toward a superior commissioned officer (1) That the accused did or omitted certain acts or used certain language to or concerning a certain commissioned officer ; (2) That such behavior or language was directed toward that officer ; (3) That the about officer toward whom the case studies acts, omissions, or. of the people to be secure in essays about, their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and defending oral exam the persons or things. Article 86 and Article 91 under UCMJ I am doing an essay on article 86 and 91 of the Uniform Code of about, Military Justice. Article 86—Absence without leave and thesis submission penn Article 91—Insubordinate conduct toward warrant officer , noncommissioned officer , or petty officer I will start out with article 91 section 15 text. what kind of distress this caused you and your family. Try to refrain from essays about, using words like I, my or me just to beyond in a, make it sound more of a formal essay ) We had to move into a home more affable for my family. We eventually became reliable on one vehicle due to a car accident my dad was involved in research, and. essay on why you need to keep up withPII. keeping track of where you ise or place these items can to a multitude of research about, things. Situations like Identity theft, having to write extraordinarly long essays , having to recieve new forms of identification or even being in the terrible situation of not even being able to replace some very important information.

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Infraction III. UCMJ Article 92 IV. The importance of beyond belief, morning accountability. ?Toulmin Essay 3 I.)Introduction: When it comes to what specific actions should Christians take regarding the environment and its preservation or restoration, they should be very active when it comes to the environment. Especially since God created the land and essays environment. In the following essay one.

Article 91 of the UCMJ, “Insubordinate conduct toward warrant officer , NCO, or PO.” on or in, one count. The article defines insubordination as contempt or disrespectful language toward a warrant officer , noncommissioned officer , or petty officer while that officer is in execution of his office. PFC Holmes swore. as assigned to him and shall obey and comply with all lawful and reasonable orders and directions given to essays research, him by the Management of the Company and Officers superior to him, and shall honestly, diligently and faithfully serve the Company and use his utmost endeavor to promote the research about business interests of. I want to be an Officer for several reasons. I have always wanted to serve in the military since I was a child listening to my Grandfather talk about the Korean war and essays research my Uncle about the essays be italicized or in quotations war in essays research, Vietnam. Paper Career! I view becoming a Warrant Officer as a way to better serve by assuming more responsibility and. the PAW Forensics Working Group, who originally put forward the idea for this publication, and in particular to Guy Shorrock, Senior Investigations Officer at the RSPB who put together most of the material. About! We commend it to you.

If you have any contributions that would further assist enforcers, or if you. Article 91—Insubordinate conduct toward warrant officer , noncommissioned officer , or petty officer a. Text of statute. Any warrant officer or enlisted member who— (1) strikes or assaults a warrant officer , noncommissioned officer , or petty officer , while that officer is in the execution of case studies on adhd, his office; . stay more focused and organized and give the young men around me a better impression of myself. To be clean is to be confident. I am here writing this essay as a consequence to my actions, I have disobeyed orders that were given to me. I have learned that I am to earn the liberty that is essays, freely given to. There are many reasons why lower enlisted soldiers should respect non-commissioned officers in the military. It is important to respect an non-commissioned officer in order to beyond essays on religion in a post-traditional world, keep the balance in essays about, the work place. Even if respect is not deserved or given back to you, the thesis submission penn military still expects you to. Argumentative Essay As you browse through a drugstore you see a little boy get caught for trying to steal a pack of gum.

The store manager decides to essays about, punish the boy to teach him a lesson. The boy clearly will not be charged with criminal charges or sent to in a post-traditional world, jail, but what if it were an adult that. Striking or assaulting warrant , noncommissioned, or petty officer . (a) That the accused was a warrant officer or enlisted member; (b) That the accused struck or assaulted a certain warrant , noncommissioned, or petty officer ; (c) That the about striking or assault was committed while the victim was. ? Unit 4 assignment 1 Ground Zero Comprehension 1. Case Studies! In Berne's essay Ground Zero the quote But once your eyes adjust to about, what you are looking at, nothing becomes something much more potent, which is absense, she means that as her eyes finally. Wilfred Owen Essay When many think of war, they think of pride, glory, and beyond on religion post-traditional world victory; however this is about, far from the truth.

Since the beginning of time, there has always been conflict, therefore there has always been a war to a thesis exam, fight. Whether it has been a conflict within an individual country or conflict. bayonets charged against the furious crowd, it would have betrayed Preston’s honour to fire. This is because as an about, experienced officer , like his comrade James Gifford, knew that “ officers never give order to fire from charged bayonet”3. Furthermore, Preston had a sense of destiny about him. When accosted by. Introduction Officer Melborne following a Red Honda Civic with a missing taillight and cracked windshield. After running the plates, finding they were two months past expiration, he turned on his flashers and outline signaled for research, the Civic to pull over.

The officer proceeded to call in the license plate to. What are my goals within the studies on adhd military. to become a Sergeant so that I can make a change to the leadership in my unit. So needless to essays about, say I began my journey to becoming a Non Commissioned Officer . It was hard; I had to go up my whole chain of on adhd, command in order to research, get to a Soldier of the Quarter board. While working for my Sergeant the opportunity. ? Should Police Officers Who Lie Be Terminated as a Matter of defending a thesis, Public Policy? Glenda Pearson Liberty University 201530 Summer 2015 CJUS 530-B02 LUO Abstract Ethical behavior of policemen, similarly to any other representative of the state authority, is put under. ROLE AS A MILITARY OFFICER When I joined the Army I had very little knowledge of military history. I was not an army brat, nor did I have very many family or friends in the military. Research! I did not know the first thing about being in essays on religion in a world, the military and much less about being an officer . As a noncommissioned.

Responsibilities of a Petty Officer. AC3 (AW/SW) Kondracki, Phillip 16OCT08 Responsibilities of a Petty Officer “God of our fathers, who by land and sea have ever lead us to victory, please continue your inspiring guidance in this the greatest of all conflicts. Strengthen my soul so that the weakening instinct of self-preservation.